Understanding the Care, Custody, or Control Exclusion


The exposure that triggers the CCC exclusion is created by having someone else’s property in your possession. The exclusion applies only to personal property, not real property such as buildings or permanently attached fixtures. Real property is a separate item in your liability policy.

The exclusion applies if any of the three terms are true—not all need to be met. The three terms are defined as:
     Care: to have temporary charge, or temporarily having the responsibility
     of watching over property

     Custody: implies safekeeping of property
     Control: refers to having power over property

This exclusion has many nuances and the outcome of a case is dependent on individual circumstances. There is no one-size-fits-all answer to what is excluded by the CCC exclusion. Seemingly small changes in the circumstances—such as how much access the owner has to the property that was damaged—can result in a totally different outcome as to whether property is in the care, custody or control of the insured. Court cases dealing with the CCC exclusion typically rule that control exercised by the insured must be exclusive, meaning the insured must have total control not shared with any other entity in order for the exclusion to be applicable.

Commercial general liability (CGL) policies often have a care, custody or control (CCC) exclusion written into them. In simple terms, this means that if you take possession of someone else’s property and the property is somehow damaged while in your possession, the damage claim could be denied by your insurer based on the CCC exclusion.